Saturday, 31 December 2011


Forrest's raid into Memphis : the rebels at the Gayoso House.The Second Battle of Memphis was a battle of the American Civil War occurring on August 21, 1864, in Shelby File:JMR-Memphis7.jpgCounty, Tennessee. At 4:00 a.m. on August 21, 1864, Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest File:NathanBedfordForrest.jpgmade a daring raid on Union-held Memphis, Tennessee, but it was not an attempt to capture the city, which was occupied by 6,000 Federal troops. The raid had three objectives: to capture three Union generals posted there; to release Southern prisoners from Irving Block Prison; and to cause the recall of Union forces from Northern Mississippi. Striking northwestward for Memphis with 2,000 cavalry, Forrest lost about a quarter of his strength because of exhausted horses. Surprise was essential. Taking advantage of a thick dawn fog and claiming to be a Union patrol returning with prisoners, the Confederates eliminated the sentries.above Mannie GentilePicture
Galloping through the streets and exchanging shots with other Union troops, the raiders split to pursue separate missions. One union general was not at his quarters. Another, General Cadwallader C. Washburn escaped to Fort Pickering dressed in his night-shirt.File:Cadwallader Colden Washburn.jpg Forrest took Washburn's uniform, but later returned it under a flag of truce.According to Memphis legend, Confederate cavalrymen rode into the lobby of the luxurious Gayoso House Hotel seeking the Yankee officers. A street in Memphis is named "General Washburn's Escape Britains Super Deetail Plastics American Civil War Confederate Cavalry TrooperAlley" in commemoration of the ordeal.The attack on Irving Block Prison also failed when Union troops stalled the main body at the State Female College. After two hours, Forrest decided to withdraw, cutting telegraph wires, taking 500 prisoners and large quantities of supplies, including many horses.Nathan Bedford Forrest Raid
Although Forrest failed in Memphis, his raid influenced Union forces to return there, from northern Mississippi, andCowboys and Indians provide protection. Union General Hurlbut was quoted afterward as saying, "There it goes again! They superseded me with Washburn because I could not keep Forrest out of West Tennessee, and Washburn cannot keep him out of his own bedroom!"

Friday, 30 December 2011

captain jack

If one was wishing to recreate the two sides in the Lava bed wars then easy modifications would be the step, theres not much difference between them and ordinary indians except that they tended to wear hats usually captured from the army.The Modoc War, or Modoc Campaign (also known as the Lava Beds War), was an armed conflict between the Native American Modoc tribe and the United States Army in southern Oregon and northern California from 1872–1873.] The Modoc War was the last of the Indian Wars to occur in California or Oregon.Group of Warm Spring Indians : our Indian allies in the Modoc war. Eadweard Muybridge photographed the early part of the campaign.File:Muybridge-2.jpg
Captain Jack led 52 warriors in a band of more than 150 Modoc people who left the Klamath Donald McKy [McKay], the celebrated Warm Spring Indian Scout and his chief men.Reservation. Occupying defensive positions throughout the lava beds south of Tule Lake,File:TuleLakeSunset.jpg for months those few warriors successfully waged a guerrilla war against hundreds of United States Army forces sent against them and reinforced with artillery. In April 1873, Captain Jack and others killed General Edward CanbyFile:General Edward Canby 525.jpg and another peace commissioner, and wounded others.File:Klamath tribes dam removal demo.jpg

After more warfare with reinforcements of US forces, finally some Modoc warriors surrendered, and Captain Jack and the last of his band were captured. Jack and five warriors several leaders were tried for the murder of two peace commissioners; Jack and threeEntrance to Captain Jack's cave. warriors were executed and two others sentenced for life imprisonment. The remaining 153 Modoc of the band were sent toIndian Territory, where they were held as prisoners of war until 1909. Some at that point returned to the Klamath Reservation, but most (and their The Modoc War : Captain Jack's cave in the lava beds.descendants) stayed in what was then the state of Oklahoma. As a result, there are federally recognized Modoc tribes in Oregon and Oklahoma today.File:The Modoc War -- Soldiers Recovering the Bodies of the Slain.jpgThe specific events go back to 1852. Although the Modoc initially had no trouble with European Americans, after Attack on peace commissioners by Modocs.the murders of settlers in a raid by the Pit River Tribe, European-American militia, not familiar with the Indian (the California Volunteer Militia was in fact nothing more than an armed mob.)peoples, in revenge attacked an innocent Modoc village, killing men, women and children. (Kintpuash, the future ((thCaptain Jack and his companions.eer Militia was in fact nothing more than an armed mob.)chief also known as Captain Jack, survived the attack but lost some of his family.) In retaliation and to try to end European-American encroachment, some Modoc chose to attack the next whites theyPictures from the lava beds. came across; they killed 65 white emigrants in a wagon train at what became known as Bloody Point.In another round of retaliation, California militia led by Ben Wright killed 41 Modoc at a peace parley.
Rounds of hostilities continued in the area until 1864, with warriors of the Klamath and the Yahooskin, a band of La guerre des indiens modocks aux États-Unis. - Vue 'du lac thulé, des bancs de lave et du quartier-général américain.Shoshone, also attacking settlers and migrants in their turns. The United States and the Klamath, Modoc, and Shoshone (Yahooskin band) tribes signed a treaty, by which the Indians ceded millions of acres of lands and theThe Modocs in their stronghold. US established the Klamath Reservation, within the boundaries of present-day Oregon.The Modocs--murder of General Canby. Under the treaty terms, the Modoc, with Old Chief Schonchin as their leader, gave up their lands in the Lost River,File:Wpdms shdrlfi020l lost river california.jpg Tule Lakeand Lower Klamath Lake regions of California, and moved to a reservation in the Upper Klamath River Valley.
Reluctant to leave their territory, the Modoc finally relocated in 1869 following a council between Captain Jack (also known as Kintpuash), a Modoc leader; Alfred B. Meacham, US Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon; O.C. Knapp, US Indian agent on the reservation; Ivan D. Applegate, sub-agent at Yainax on the reservation; and W.C. McKay. Meacham was from Oregon, and knew Captain Jack and the Modoc. When soldiers suddenly appeared at the meeting, the Modoc warriors fled, leaving behind their women and children. Meacham placed the women and children in wagons and started for the reservation. He allowed "Queen Mary", Captain Jack's sister, to go meet with Captain Jack to persuade him to move to the reservation. She succeeded. Once on the reservation, Captain Jack and his band prepared to make their permanent home at Modoc Point.File:Modoc Ridge.JPG