Tuesday, 1 November 2011


I didnt see you at the SurrenderThe Searchers (1956) directed by John Ford, starring John Wayne, Jeffrey Hunter, Natalie Wood, Vera Miles 
 I dont believe in surrenders.

In 1832, members of the Parker family, including Lucy and Silas Parker and their children, moved from Illinois to an area in Texas near the Navasota River. The group built large walls around the settlement as protection from the nearby tribes of Native Americans, and the settlement became known as Fort Parker  about 40 miles east of present-day Waco that came to be called Parker's Fort. The tall wooden stockade was reportedly capable of holding off "a large enemy force" if properly defended. However, when no Indian attacks materialized for many months, the Parker family and the relatives who joined them in the fort became careless. Frequently they left the bulletproof gates to the fort wide open for long periods

On May 19, 1836, members of the Kiowa, Comanche and Caddo tribes attacked Fort Parker. According to historian John Henry Brown, the attack killed or seriously wounded seven of the residents of the fort, including the Elder John Parker and Silas Parker, the father of Cynthia Ann. Five captives were taken during the attack including Cynthia Ann and her brother John.

History.com explains that kidnapping was not uncommon during attacks in this time period, and also not uncommon was the use of ransom for return, her eventual rescue formed the basis of John Ford’s great western film "The Searchers" staring John Wayne and Natalie Wood.After the Fort Parker kidnappings, most of the captives were eventually returned for ransom, but Cynthia Parker, who was 9 at the time, remained with the Comanche. She was given to a Tenowish Comanche couple and was raised as a Comanche who raised her like their own daughter. She became Comanche in every sense; was trained in Native ways and was totally devoted to her adopted parents. The memories of her white life quickly faded, and every attempt to ransom her was refused by the tribal council at her request.

As for John Parker, some accounts say that he was also raised by Native Americans and that he became a warrior. However, when he was stricken with smallpox, his tribe abandoned him in Mexico, where he regained his health and began living with people there. It is thought that he later returned to Texas and fought in the Civil War

As time passed, Cynthia Parker married a warrior of the Comanche tribe, Peta Nocona (also spelled , below custer figure by charbensSee full size imageNocoma and Nakoni), and together they had three children—two boys named Quanah and Pecos, and one girl named Topsannah, also known as Prairie Flower.  

Accounts differ as to exactly how Cynthia Parker was “rescued.” Most sources say that Texas Ranger CaptLawrence Sullivain  led the attack that captured Parker in 1860, but the reasons for his attack differ. John Henry Brown says Ross’ attack was provoked by attacks from Peta Nocona and the other Comanche warriors on white settlements. 

Cynthia Parker and her daughter Topsannah were captured. The fate of Peta Nocona is disputed; some say he was wounded or killed in the attack, while others say he was not present.the mokarex figure below is a perfect one for converting to the various kinds of texas militia and irregulars in texas around 1835

Cynthia Parker was sent to live on a farm with her uncle, but sheattempted to escape multiple times during the remainder of her life. Her daughter died of influenza a few years after their return to white society, and Cynthia died in 1870 from a combination of self-imposed starvation and the flu.the piece above is easily convertible to comanche indians, its by charbens

Cynthia Parker’s son Quanah was not captured during the 1860 raid and grew up to be a famed warrior and the last chief of the Quahada Comanche. In his early years as a warrior, Quanah Parker was known to attack and raid white buffalo hunters and settlers. 

After a year-long battle with the U.S. military that followed a 700-man-strong attack by Parker on 30 buffalo hunters, Parker surrendered and was made to live on a reservation in Oklahoma. 

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